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4 Depression Subtypes Identified via PHQ-9 Tool: Affective, Somatic, Internalizing, Sensorimotor (2023 Study)

Depression, a multifaceted mental health disorder affecting millions worldwide, has long been a challenge for both diagnosis and treatment. The standard method for evaluating depression in outpatient settings, the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9), has traditionally been viewed as a unidimensional tool. However, recent research suggests that the complexities of Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) may be …

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