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Chronic Stress Alters the Gut Microbiome & Intestinal Barrier in Mice with Sex-Specific Effects (2023 Study)

The gut-brain axis, a complex communication network linking the gastrointestinal tract and the brain, plays a pivotal role in maintaining both mental and physical health. Recent studies illuminate how chronic stress disrupts this intricate system, particularly affecting the intestinal barrier in the jejunum, and contributes to the pathogenesis of Major Depressive Disorder (MDD). This emerging …

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How Long Does It Take For Probiotics To Work?

Probiotics are classified as microorganisms that enhance health of the host when ingested.  The concept of probiotics was first introduced by Élie Metchnikoff (a Nobel laureate) who suggested that Bulgarian peasants exhibited longer life expectancies due to their regular consumption of yogurt – which contained health-enhancing microbes. Although these days there are many foods marketed …

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